February 13

Historical Events on February 13

2017

Ricardo Arias Calderón, Panamanian politician, Vice President (1990–1992) (b. 1933)

2017

E-Dubble, American rapper (b. 1982)

2017

Kim Jong-nam, brother of North Korean dictator Kim Jong-Un, is assassinated at Kuala Lumpur International Airport.Births[edit]

2016

O. N. V. Kurup, Indian poet and academic (b. 1931)

2015

Faith Bandler, Australian activist and author (b. 1918)

2014

Balu Mahendra, Sri Lankan-Indian director, cinematographer, and screenwriter (b. 1939)

2013

Gerry Day, American journalist and screenwriter (b. 1922)

2012

Russell Arms, American actor and singer (b. 1920)

2012

The European Space Agency (ESA) conducted the first launch of the European Vega rocket from Europe's spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana.

2011

For the first time in more than 100 years the Umatilla, an American Indian tribe, are able to hunt and harvest a bison just outside Yellowstone National Park, restoring a centuries-old tradition guaranteed by a treaty signed in 1855.

2010

Lucille Clifton, American poet and academic (b. 1936)

2010

A bomb explodes in the city of Pune, Maharashtra, India, killing 17 and injuring 60 more.

2009

Edward Upward, English author and educator (b. 1903)

2008

Kon Ichikawa, Japanese director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1915)

2008

Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd makes a historic apology to the Indigenous Australians and the Stolen Generations.

2007

Elizabeth Jolley, English-Australian author and academic (b. 1923)

2007

Taiwan opposition leader Ma Ying-jeou resigns as the chairman of the Kuomintang party after being indicted on charges of embezzlement during his tenure as the mayor of Taipei; Ma also announces his candidacy for the 2008 presidential election.

2006

P. F. Strawson, English philosopher and author (b. 1919)

2005

Nelson Briles, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1943)

2004

François Tavenas, Canadian engineer and academic (b. 1942)

2004

The Harvard–Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics announces the discovery of the universe's largest known diamond, white dwarf star BPM 37093. Astronomers named this star "Lucy" after The Beatles' song "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds".

2003

Kid Gavilán, Cuban-American boxer (b. 1926)

2002

Waylon Jennings, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1937)

2001

An earthquake measuring 7.6 on the Richter magnitude scale hits El Salvador, killing at least 944.

2000

Anders Aalborg, Canadian educator and politician (b. 1914)

1997

Robert Klark Graham, American eugenicist and businessman (b. 1906)

1996

Martin Balsam, American actor (b. 1919)

1996

The Nepalese Civil War is initiated in the Kingdom of Nepal by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist-Centre).

1994

Memphis Depay, Dutch footballerDeaths[edit]

1992

Nikolay Bogolyubov, Ukrainian-Russian mathematician and physicist (b. 1909)

1991

Eliaquim Mangala, French footballer[4]

1991

Arno Breker, German sculptor and illustrator (b. 1900)

1991

Gulf War: Two laser-guided "smart bombs" destroy the Amiriyah shelter in Baghdad. Allied forces said the bunker was being used as a military communications outpost, but over 400 Iraqi civilians inside were killed.

1990

German reunification: An agreement is reached on a two-stage plan to reunite Germany.

1989

Rodrigo Possebon, Brazilian footballer

1989

Wayne Hays, American lieutenant and politician (b. 1911)

1988

Ryan Goins, American baseball player

1987

Eljero Elia, Dutch footballer

1986

Luke Moore, English footballer

1986

Yuri Ivask, Russian-American poet and critic (b. 1907)

1985

Kwak Ji-min, South Korean actress

1984

Hinkelien Schreuder, Dutch swimmer

1984

Cheong Eak Chong, Singaporean entrepreneur (b. 1888)[13]

1984

Konstantin Chernenko succeeds the late Yuri Andropov as general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

1983

Mike Nickeas, Canadian baseball player

1983

A cinema fire in Turin, Italy, kills 64 people.

1982

Even Helte Hermansen, Norwegian guitarist and composer

1981

Luisão, Brazilian footballer

1981

A series of sewer explosions destroys more than two miles of streets in Louisville, Kentucky.

1980

Carlos Cotto, Puerto Rican-American wrestler and boxer

1980

David Janssen, American actor (b. 1931)

1979

Anders Behring Breivik, Norwegian murderer

1979

An intense windstorm strikes western Washington and sinks a 1/2-mile-long section of the Hood Canal Bridge.

1978

Niklas Bäckström, Finnish ice hockey player

1978

Hilton bombing: a bomb explodes in a refuse truck outside the Hilton Hotel in Sydney, Australia, killing two refuse collectors and a policeman.

1977

Randy Moss, American football player and coach

1976

Jörg Bergmeister, German race car driver

1976

Murtala Mohammed, Nigerian general and politician, 4th President of Nigeria (b. 1938)

1975

Ben Collins, English race car driver

1975

André Beaufre, French general (b. 1902)

1975

Fire at the World Trade Center in New York.

1974

Fonzworth Bentley, American rapper and actor

1973

Marinus Jan Granpré Molière, Dutch architect and educator (b. 1883)

1972

Charlie Garner, American football player

1971

Sonia Evans, English singer-songwriter

1971

Todd Williams, American baseball player

1970

Karoline Krüger, Norwegian singer-songwriter and pianist

1969

Joyce DiDonato, American soprano and actress

1968

Kelly Hu, American actress

1968

Mae Marsh, American actress (b. 1895)

1967

Stanimir Stoilov, Bulgarian footballer and coach

1967

Yoshisuke Aikawa, entrepreneur, businessman, and politician, founded Nissan Motor Company (b. 1880)

1967

Abelardo L. Rodríguez, substitute president of Mexico (1932-1934) (b. 1889)[12]

1967

American researchers discover the Madrid Codices by Leonardo da Vinci in the National Library of Spain.

1966

Neal McDonough, American actor and producer

1965

Peter O'Neill, Papua New Guinean accountant and politician, 7th Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea

1964

Stephen Bowen, American engineer, captain, and astronaut

1964

Paulino Alcántara, Filipino-Spanish footballer and manager (b. 1896)

1962

Aníbal Acevedo Vilá, Puerto Rican lawyer and politician

1961

Marc Crawford, Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1961

An allegedly 500,000-year-old rock is discovered near Olancha, California, US, that appears to anachronistically encase a spark plug.

1960

Pierluigi Collina, Italian footballer and referee

1960

With the success of a nuclear test codenamed "Gerboise Bleue", France becomes the fourth country to possess nuclear weapons.

1959

Gaston Gingras, Canadian ice hockey player

1958

Pernilla August, Swedish actress

1958

Christabel Pankhurst, English activist, co-founded the Women's Social and Political Union (b. 1880)

1957

Denise Austin, American fitness trainer and author

1956

Peter Hook, English singer, songwriter, bass player, multi-instrumentalist, and record producer (Joy Division; New Order)

1956

Jan Łukasiewicz, Polish mathematician and philosopher (b. 1878)

1955

Joe Birkett, American lawyer, judge, and politician

1955

Israel obtains four of the seven Dead Sea Scrolls.

1954

Donnie Moore, American baseball player (d. 1989)

1954

Agnes Macphail, Canadian educator and politician (b. 1890)

1954

Frank Selvy becomes the only NCAA Division I basketball player ever to score 100 points in a single game.

1953

Akio Sato, Japanese wrestler and manager

1952

Ed Gagliardi, American bass player (d. 2014)

1952

Josephine Tey, Scottish author and playwright (b. 1896)

1951

Lloyd C. Douglas, American minister and author (b. 1877)

1951

Korean War: Battle of Chipyong-ni, which represented the "high-water mark" of the Chinese incursion into South Korea, commences.

1950

Vera Baird, English lawyer and politician

1950

Rafael Sabatini, Italian-English novelist and short story writer (b. 1875)

1949

Peter Kern, Austrian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2015)

1947

Stephen Hadley, American soldier and diplomat, 21st United States National Security Advisor

1946

Richard Blumenthal, American sergeant and politician, 23rd Attorney General of Connecticut

1945

Marian Dawkins, English biologist and academic

1945

World War II: The siege of Budapest concludes with the unconditional surrender of German and Hungarian forces to the Red Army.

1944

Stockard Channing, American actress

1943

Elaine Pagels, American theologian and academic

1942

Carol Lynley, American model and actress (d. 2019)

1942

Otakar Batlička, Czech journalist (b. 1895)

1941

Sigmar Polke, German painter and photographer (d. 2010)

1940

Bram Peper, Dutch sociologist and politician, Mayor of Rotterdam

1938

Oliver Reed, English actor (d. 1999)

1937

Ali El-Maak, Sudanese author and academic (d. 1992)

1935

A jury in Flemington, New Jersey finds Bruno Hauptmann guilty of the 1932 kidnapping and murder of the Lindbergh baby, the son of Charles Lindbergh.

1934

George Segal, American actor

1934

József Pusztai, Slovene-Hungarian poet and journalist (b. 1864)

1933

Paul Biya, Cameroon politician, 2nd President of Cameroon

1932

Susan Oliver, American actress (d. 1990)

1931

The British Raj completes its transfer from Calcutta to New Delhi.

1930

Ernst Fuchs, Austrian painter, sculptor, and illustrator (d. 2015)

1929

Omar Torrijos, Panamanian commander and politician, Military Leader of Panama (d. 1981)

1928

Gerald Regan, Canadian lawyer and politician, 19th Premier of Nova Scotia

1928

Gerald Regan, Canadian lawyer and politician, 19th Premier of Nova Scotia (d. 2019)

1926

Fay Ajzenberg-Selove, American nuclear physicist (d. 2012)

1924

Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber, French journalist and politician (d. 2006)

1923

Michael Anthony Bilandic, American soldier, judge, and politician, 49th Mayor of Chicago (d. 2002)

1922

Francis Pym, Baron Pym, Welsh soldier and politician, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (d. 2008)

1921

Jeanne Demessieux, French pianist and composer (d. 1968)

1920

Boudleaux Bryant, American songwriter (d. 1987)

1920

The Negro National League is formed.

1919

Tennessee Ernie Ford, American singer and actor (d. 1991)

1916

Dorothy Bliss, American invertebrate zoologist (d. 1987)

1915

Lyle Bettger, American actor (d. 2003)

1914

Copyright: In New York City the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers is established to protect the copyrighted musical compositions of its members.

1913

The 13th Dalai Lama proclaims Tibetan independence following a period of domination by Manchu Qing dynasty and initiated a period of almost four decades of independence.

1913

Khalid of Saudi Arabia (d. 1982)

1912

Harald Riipalu, Russian-Estonian commander (d. 1961)

1911

Faiz Ahmad Faiz, Indian-Pakistani poet and journalist (d. 1984)

1910

William Shockley, English-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1989)

1907

Katy de la Cruz, Filipino-American singer and actress (d. 2004)

1906

Albert Gottschalk, Danish painter (b. 1866)

1906

Agostinho da Silva, Portuguese philosopher and author (d. 1994)

1905

Konstantin Savitsky, Russian painter (b. 1844)

1903

Georgy Beriev, Georgian-Russian engineer, founded the Beriev Aircraft Company (d. 1979)

1902

Harold Lasswell, American political scientist and theorist (d. 1978)

1901

Paul Lazarsfeld, Austrian-American sociologist and academic (d. 1976)

1900

Barbara von Annenkoff, Russian-born German film and stage actress (d. 1979)

1898

Hubert Ashton, English cricketer and politician (d. 1979)

1893

Ignacio Manuel Altamirano, Mexican intellectual and journalist (b. 1834)

1892

Provo Wallis, Canadian-English admiral (b. 1791)[11]

1892

Robert H. Jackson, American lawyer, judge, and politician, 57th United States Attorney General (d. 1954)

1891

Kate Roberts, Welsh author and activist (d. 1985)

1889

Leontine Sagan, Austrian actress and director (d. 1974)

1888

Jean-Baptiste Lamy, French-American archbishop (b. 1814)

1888

Georgios Papandreou, Greek lawyer, economist, and politician, 162nd Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1968)

1887

Géza Csáth, Hungarian playwright and critic (d. 1919)

1885

Bess Truman, American wife of Harry S. Truman, 35th First Lady of the United States (d. 1982)

1884

Alfred Carlton Gilbert, American pole vaulter and businessman, founded the A. C. Gilbert Company (d. 1961)

1883

Richard Wagner, German composer (b. 1813)

1883

Hal Chase, American baseball player and manager (d. 1947)

1881

Eleanor Farjeon, Jewish-English author, poet, and playwright (d. 1965)

1880

Thomas Edison observes Thermionic emission.

1880

Dimitrie Gusti, Romanian sociologist, ethnologist, historian, and philosopher (d. 1955)

1879

Sarojini Naidu, Indian poet and activist (d. 1949)

1877

Costache Caragiale, Romanian actor and manager (b. 1815)

1876

Fritz Buelow, German-American baseball player and umpire (d. 1933)

1873

Feodor Chaliapin, Russian opera singer (d. 1938)

1870

Leopold Godowsky, Polish-American pianist and composer (d. 1938)

1867

Work begins on the covering of the Senne, burying Brussels's primary river and creating the modern central boulevards.

1867

Harold Mahony, Scottish-Irish tennis player (d. 1905)

1863

Hugo Becker, German cellist and composer (d. 1941)

1861

Italian unification: The Siege of Gaeta ends with the capitulation of the defending fortress, effectively bringing an end of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.

1855

Paul Deschanel, Belgian-French politician, 11th President of France (d. 1922)

1849

The delegation headed by Metropolitan bishop Andrei Șaguna hands out to the Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria the General Petition of Romanian leaders in Transylvania, Banat and Bukovina, which demands that the Romanian nation be recognized.

1849

Lord Randolph Churchill, English lawyer and politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (d. 1895)

1845

Henrik Steffens, Norwegian-German philosopher and poet (b. 1773)

1837

Mariano José de Larra, Spanish journalist and author (b. 1809)

1835

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Indian religious leader (d. 1908)

1834

Heinrich Caro, Sephardic Jewish Polish-German chemist and academic (d. 1910)

1831

Edward Berry, English admiral (b. 1768)

1831

John Aaron Rawlins, American general and politician, 29th United States Secretary of War (d. 1869)

1826

Peter Ludwig von der Pahlen, Russian general and politician, Governor-General of Baltic provinces (b. 1745)

1818

George Rogers Clark, American general (b. 1752)

1815

Rufus Wilmot Griswold, American anthologist, editor, poet and critic (d. 1857)

1813

Samuel Ashe, American lawyer and politician, 9th Governor of North Carolina (b. 1725)

1811

François Achille Bazaine, French general (d. 1888)

1805

Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet, German mathematician and academic (d. 1859)

1787

Roger Joseph Boscovich, Croatian physicist, astronomer, mathematician, and philosopher (b. 1711)

1769

Ivan Krylov, Russian author, poet, and playwright (d. 1844)

1768

Édouard Adolphe Casimir Joseph Mortier, French general and politician, 15th Prime Minister of France (d. 1835)

1766

Thomas Robert Malthus, English economist and scholar (d. 1834)

1755

Treaty of Giyanti signed by VOC, Pakubuwono III and Prince Mangkubumi. The treaty divides the Javanese kingdom of Mataram into 2: Sunanate of Surakarta and Sultanate of Yogyakarta.

1741

Johann Joseph Fux, Austrian composer and theorist (b. 1660)

1732

Charles-René d'Hozier, French historian and author (b. 1640)

1728

Cotton Mather, American minister and author (b. 1663)

1728

John Hunter, Scottish surgeon and anatomist (d. 1793)

1727

William Wotton, English linguist and scholar (b. 1666)

1721

John Reid, Scottish general (d. 1807)

1719

George Brydges Rodney, 1st Baron Rodney, English admiral and politician (d. 1792)

1693

Johann Caspar Kerll, German organist and composer (b. 1627)

1692

Massacre of Glencoe: Almost 80 Macdonalds at Glen Coe, Scotland are killed early in the morning for not promptly pledging allegiance to the new king, William of Orange.

1689

William and Mary are proclaimed co-rulers of England.

1683

Giovanni Battista Piazzetta, Italian painter (d. 1754)

1672

Étienne François Geoffroy, French physician and chemist (d. 1731)

1662

Elizabeth Stuart, queen of Bohemia (b. 1596)

1660

Charles X Gustav, king of Sweden (b. 1622)

1660

With the accession of young Charles XI of Sweden, his regents begin negotiations to end the Second Northern War.

1633

Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome for his trial before the Inquisition.

1602

Alexander Nowell, English clergyman and theologian (b. 1507)

1602

William V, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (d. 1637)

1599

Pope Alexander VII (d. 1667)

1585

Alfonso Salmeron, Spanish priest and scholar (b. 1515)

1571

Benvenuto Cellini, Italian painter and sculptor (b. 1500)

1569

Johann Reinhard I, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg (d. 1625)

1542

Catherine Howard, English wife of Henry VIII of England (executed;[10] b. 1521)

1542

Catherine Howard, the fifth wife of Henry VIII of England, is executed for adultery.

1539

Isabella d'Este, Italian noblewoman (b. 1474)

1539

Elisabeth of Hesse, Electress Palatine (d. 1582)

1523

Valentin Naboth, German astronomer and mathematician (d. 1593)

1503

Challenge of Barletta: Tournament between 13 Italian and 13 French knights near Barletta.

1480

Girolamo Aleandro, Italian cardinal (d. 1542)

1469

Elia Levita, Renaissance Hebrew grammarian (d. 1549)

1462

The Treaty of Westminster is finalised between Edward IV of England and the Scottish Lord of the Isles.

1457

Mary of Burgundy, Sovereign Duchess regnant of Burgundy, married to Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1482)

1440

Hartmann Schedel, German physician (d. 1514)

1351

Kō no Morofuyu, Japanese general

1332

Andronikos II Palaiologos, Byzantine emperor (b. 1259)

1322

The central tower of Ely Cathedral falls on the night of 12th–13th.

1219

Minamoto no Sanetomo, Japanese shōgun (b. 1192)

1199

Stefan Nemanja, Serbian grand prince (b. 1113)

1141

Béla II, king of Hungary and Croatia (b. 1110)

1130

Honorius II, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 1060)[9]

1021

Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, Fatimid caliph (b. 985)

988

Adalbert Atto, Lombard nobleman[8]

962

Emperor Otto I and Pope John XII co-sign the Diploma Ottonianum, recognizing John as ruler of Rome.

951

Guo Wei, a court official, leads a military coup and declares himself emperor of the new Later Zhou.

942

Muhammad ibn Ra'iq, Abbasid emir and regent

936

Xiao Wen, empress of the Liao Dynasty

921

Vratislaus I, duke of Bohemia

858

Kenneth MacAlpin, Scottish king (probable;[7] b. 810)

721

Chilperic II, Frankish king (b. 672)

106

Emperor He of Han (Han Hedi) of the Chinese Eastern Han Dynasty (b. AD 79)[6]
More information about February 13