February 14

Historical Events on February 14

2018

Ruud Lubbers, Dutch politician and diplomat, Prime Minister and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (b. 1939)[9]

2018

Jacob Zuma resigns as President of South Africa.

2018

Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School shooting in the Miami metropolitan area is one of the deadliest school massacres with 17 fatalities and 15 injuries.Births[edit]

2018

Ruud Lubbers, Dutch politician and diplomat, Prime Minister and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (b. 1939)[10]

2016

Eric Lubbock, 4th Baron Avebury, English lieutenant, engineer, and politician (b. 1928)

2015

Louis Jourdan, French-American actor and singer (b. 1921)

2014

Tom Finney, English footballer (b. 1922)

2013

Glenn Boyer, American historian and author (b. 1924)

2012

Mike Bernardo, South African boxer and martial artist (b. 1969)

2011

George Shearing, English-American pianist and composer (b. 1919)

2011

As a part of Arab Spring, the Bahraini uprising begins with a 'Day of Rage'.

2010

Doug Fieger, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1952)

2009

Bernard Ashley, English engineer and businessman, co-founded Laura Ashley plc (b. 1926)

2008

Northern Illinois University shooting: A gunman opened fire in a lecture hall of the DeKalb County, Illinois university resulting in six fatalities (including gunman) and 21 injuries.

2008

Northern Illinois University shooting: A gunman opened fire in a lecture hall of Northern Illinois University in DeKalb County, Illinois, resulting in six fatalities (including gunman) and 21 injuries.

2007

Ryan Larkin, Canadian animator and director (b. 1943)

2005

Rafic Hariri, Lebanese businessman and politician, 60th Prime Minister of Lebanon (b. 1944; assassinated)[7]

2005

In Beirut, 22 people, including former Prime Minister Rafic Hariri, are killed when the equivalent of around 1,000 kg of TNT is detonated while Hariri's motorcade drives through the city.

2005

Seven people are killed and 151 wounded in a series of bombings by suspected al-Qaeda-linked militants that hit Makati, Davao City, and General Santos City, all in the Philippines.

2005

YouTube is launched by a group of college students, eventually becoming the largest video sharing website in the world and a main source for viral videos.

2005

Rafic Hariri, Lebanese businessman and politician, 60th Prime Minister of Lebanon (b. 1944; assassinated)[8]

2004

Marco Pantani, Italian cyclist (b. 1970)

2004

In a suburb of Moscow, Russia, the roof of the Transvaal water park collapses, killing more than 25 people, and wounding more than 100 others.

2003

Johnny Longden, English jockey and trainer (b. 1907)

2002

Nándor Hidegkuti, Hungarian footballer and manager (b. 1922)

2000

The spacecraft NEAR Shoemaker enters orbit around asteroid 433 Eros, the first spacecraft to orbit an asteroid.

1999

John Ehrlichman, American lawyer and politician, 12th White House Counsel (b. 1925)

1998

An oil tanker train collides with a freight train in Yaoundé, Cameroon, spilling fuel oil. One person scavenging the oil created a massive explosion which kills 120.

1996

Lucas Hernandez, French footballer[6]Deaths[edit]

1996

Bob Paisley, English footballer and manager (b. 1919)

1996

Lucas Hernandez, French footballer

1996

Lucas Hernandez, French footballer[7]Deaths[edit]

1995

Michael V. Gazzo, American actor and playwright (b. 1923)

1994

Andrei Chikatilo, Soviet serial killer (b. 1936)

1992

Christian Eriksen, Danish footballer[5]

1992

Christian Eriksen, Danish footballer[6]

1991

Daniela Mona Lambin, Estonian footballer

1990

Sefa Yılmaz, German-Turkish footballer

1990

Ninety-two people are killed when Indian Airlines Flight 605 crashes in Bangalore, India.

1989

Néstor Calderón, Mexican footballer

1989

James Bond, American ornithologist and zoologist (b. 1900)

1989

Union Carbide agrees to pay $470 million to the Indian government for damages it caused in the 1984 Bhopal disaster.

1988

Katie Boland, Canadian actress, producer, and screenwriter

1988

Frederick Loewe, German-American composer (b. 1901)

1987

Edinson Cavani, Uruguayan footballer

1987

Dmitry Kabalevsky, Russian pianist and composer (b. 1904)

1986

Michael Ammermüller, German race car driver

1986

Edmund Rubbra, English composer and conductor (b. 1901)

1985

Karima Adebibe, English model and actress

1983

Callix Crabbe, Virgin Islander baseball player

1983

Lina Radke, German runner and coach (b. 1903)

1983

United American Bank of Knoxville, Tennessee collapses. Its president, Jake Butcher, is later convicted of fraud.

1982

Marián Gáborík, Slovak ice hockey player

1981

Matteo Brighi, Italian footballer

1980

Josh Senter, American screenwriter and producer

1979

Adolph Dubs, American lieutenant and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Afghanistan (b. 1920)

1979

In Kabul, Setami Milli militants kidnap the American ambassador to Afghanistan, Adolph Dubs who is later killed during a gunfight between his kidnappers and police.

1978

Richard Hamilton, American basketball player

1977

Cadel Evans, Australian cyclist

1976

Liv Kristine, Norwegian singer-songwriter

1975

Julian Huxley, English biologist and eugenicist, co-founded the World Wide Fund for Nature (b. 1887)

1974

Valentina Vezzali, Italian fencer and politician

1974

Stewie Dempster, New Zealand cricketer and coach (b. 1903)

1973

H. D. Ackerman, South African cricketer

1972

Drew Bledsoe, American football player and coach

1971

Kris Aquino, Filipino talk show host, actress, and producer

1970

Giuseppe Guerini, Italian cyclist

1970

Herbert Strudwick, English cricketer and coach (b. 1880)

1969

Meg Hillier, English journalist and politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change

1969

Vito Genovese, Italian-American mob boss (b. 1897)

1968

Jules Asner, American model and television host

1967

Stelios Haji-Ioannou, Greek-English businessman, founded easyJet

1967

Sig Ruman, German-American actor (b. 1884)

1966

Petr Svoboda, Czech ice hockey player and agent

1966

Australian currency is decimalized.

1964

Gianni Bugno, Italian cyclist and sportscaster

1963

Enrico Colantoni, Canadian actor, director, and producer

1961

Discovery of the chemical elements: Element 103, Lawrencium, is first synthesized at the University of California.

1960

Philip Jones, English admiral

1959

Renée Fleming, American soprano and actress

1959

Baby Dodds, American drummer (b. 1898)

1958

Grant Thomas, Australian footballer and coach

1958

Abdur Rab Nishtar, Pakistani politician, 2nd Governor of Punjab (b. 1899)

1957

Alan Hunter, American television host and actor

1956

Howard Davis Jr., American boxer and trainer (d. 2015)

1955

Carol Kalish, American publisher (d. 1991)

1954

Jam Mohammad Yousaf, Pakistani politician, Chief Minister of Balochistan (d. 2013)

1952

Sushma Swaraj, Indian lawyer and politician, Indian Minister of External Affairs

1952

Maurice De Waele, Belgian cyclist (b. 1896)

1951

Terry Gross, American radio host and producer

1950

Roger Fisher, American guitarist and songwriter

1950

Karl Guthe Jansky, American physicist and engineer (b. 1905)

1949

Yusuf Salman Yusuf, Iraqi politician (b. 1901)

1949

The Knesset (Israeli parliament) convenes for the first time.

1949

The Knesset (parliament of Israel) convenes for the first time.

1948

Kitten Natividad, Mexican-American actress and dancer

1948

Mordecai Brown, American baseball player and manager (b. 1876)

1947

Tim Buckley, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1975)

1946

Bernard Dowiyogo, Nauru politician, President of Nauru (d. 2003)

1946

The Bank of England is nationalized.

1945

Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein

1945

World War II: On the first day of the bombing of Dresden, the British Royal Air Force and the United States Army Air Forces begin fire-bombing Dresden.

1944

Carl Bernstein, American journalist and author

1944

World War II: In the Action of 14 February 1944, a British submarine sinks a German-controlled Italian submarine in the Strait of Malacca.

1944

World War II: In the Action of 14 February 1944, a Royal Navy submarine sinks a German-controlled Italian submarine in the Strait of Malacca.

1943

Eric Andersen, American singer-songwriter

1943

Dora Gerson, German actress and singer (b. 1899)

1943

World War II: Rostov-on-Don, Russia is liberated.

1942

Michael Bloomberg, American businessman and politician, 108th Mayor of New York City

1942

Adnan Saidi, Malayan lieutenant (b. 1915)

1942

Battle of Pasir Panjang contributes to the fall of Singapore.

1941

Donna Shalala, American academic and politician, 18th United States Secretary of Health and Human Services

1940

James Maynard, American businessman, co-founded Golden Corral

1939

Razzy Bailey, American country music singer-songwriter and musician

1937

John MacGregor, Baron MacGregor of Pulham Market, English politician, Secretary of State for Transport

1936

Anna German, Polish singer (d. 1982)

1935

David Wilson, Baron Wilson of Tillyorn, Scottish academic and diplomat, 27th Governor of Hong Kong

1934

Florence Henderson, American actress and singer (d. 2016)

1933

Carl Correns, German botanist and geneticist (b. 1864)

1932

Harriet Andersson, Swedish actress

1931

Bernie Geoffrion, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (d. 2006)

1930

Thomas Mackenzie, Scottish-New Zealand cartographer and politician, 18th Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1853)

1929

Thomas Burke, American sprinter, coach, and lawyer (b. 1875)

1929

Saint Valentine's Day Massacre: Seven people, six of them gangster rivals of Al Capone's gang, are murdered in Chicago.

1929

Vic Morrow, American actor and director (d. 1982)

1928

William Allain, American soldier and politician, 58th Governor of Mississippi (d. 2013)

1927

Lois Maxwell, Canadian-Australian model and actress (d. 2007)

1924

The Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company changes its name to International Business Machines Corporation (IBM).

1924

Patricia Knatchbull, 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma (d. 2017)

1923

Jay Hebert, American golfer (d. 1997)

1922

Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish lawyer and politician (b. 1880)

1921

Hugh Downs, American journalist, game show host, and producer

1920

The League of Women Voters is founded in Chicago.

1919

The Polish–Soviet War begins.

1917

Herbert A. Hauptman, American mathematician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2011)

1916

Marcel Bigeard, French general (d. 2010)

1913

Mel Allen, American sportscaster (d. 1996)

1912

Arizona is admitted as the 48th and the last contiguous U.S. state.

1912

Tibor Sekelj, Hungarian lawyer, explorer, and author (d. 1988)

1911

Willem Johan Kolff, Dutch physician and inventor (d. 2009)

1910

Giovanni Passannante, Italian anarchist (b. 1849)

1907

Johnny Longden, English-American jockey and trainer (d. 2003)

1905

Thelma Ritter, American actress and singer (d. 1969)

1903

The United States Department of Commerce and Labor is established (later split into the Department of Commerce and the Department of Labor).

1903

Stuart Erwin, American actor (d. 1967)

1901

Edward Stafford, Scottish-New Zealand educator and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1819)

1900

British forces begin the Battle of the Tugela Heights in an effort to lift the Siege of Ladysmith.

1900

Jessica Dragonette, American singer (d. 1980)

1899

Voting machines are approved by the U.S. Congress for use in federal elections.

1898

Bill Tilman, English mountaineer and explorer (d. 1977)

1895

Wilhelm Burgdorf, German general (d. 1945)

1894

Eugène Charles Catalan, Belgian-French mathematician and academic (b. 1814)

1894

Jack Benny, American actor and producer (d. 1974)

1892

Radola Gajda, Czech commander and politician (d. 1948)

1891

William Tecumseh Sherman, American general (b. 1820)

1891

Katherine Stinson, American aviator (d. 1977)

1890

Nina Hamnett, Welsh-English painter and author (d. 1956)

1885

Jules Vallès, French journalist and author (b. 1832)

1884

Lydia Hamilton Smith, African-American businesswoman (b. 1813)

1884

Nils Olaf Chrisander, Swedish actor and director (d. 1947)

1882

John Barrymore, American actor (d. 1942)

1881

Fernando Wood, American merchant and politician, 73rd Mayor of New York City (b. 1812)

1879

The War of the Pacific breaks out when Chilean armed forces occupy the Bolivian port city of Antofagasta.

1879

The War of the Pacific breaks out when the Chilean Army occupies the Bolivian port city of Antofagasta.

1878

Julius Nieuwland, Belgian priest, chemist and academic (d. 1936)

1876

Alexander Graham Bell applies for a patent for the telephone, as does Elisha Gray.

1870

St. John Richardson Liddell, American general (b. 1815)

1869

Charles Thomson Rees Wilson, Scottish physicist and meteorologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1959)

1860

Eugen Schiffer, German lawyer and politician, Vice-Chancellor of Germany (d. 1954)

1859

Oregon is admitted as the 33rd U.S. state.

1859

George Washington Gale Ferris Jr., American engineer, inventor of the Ferris wheel (d. 1896)

1855

Texas is linked by telegraph to the rest of the United States, with the completion of a connection between New Orleans and Marshall, Texas.

1855

Frank Harris, Irish author and journalist (d. 1931)

1852

Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children, the first hospital in England to provide in-patient beds specifically for children, is founded in London.

1849

In New York City, James Knox Polk becomes the first serving President of the United States to have his photograph taken.

1848

Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer and academic (d. 1934)

1847

Anna Howard Shaw, American physician, minister, and activist (d. 1919)

1846

Julian Scott, American soldier and drummer, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1901)

1838

Margaret E. Knight, American inventor (d. 1914)

1835

The original Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, in the Latter Day Saint movement, is formed in Kirtland, Ohio.

1835

Piet Paaltjens, Dutch minister and poet (d. 1894)

1831

Vicente Guerrero, Mexican general and politician, 2nd President of Mexico (b. 1782)

1831

Ras Marye of Yejju marches into Tigray and defeats and kills Dejazmach Sabagadis in the Battle of Debre Abbay.

1828

Edmond François Valentin About, French journalist and author (d. 1885)

1824

Winfield Scott Hancock, American general and politician (d. 1886)

1819

Christopher Latham Sholes, American journalist and politician, invented the typewriter (d. 1890)

1813

Lydia Hamilton Smith, African-American businesswoman (d. 1884)

1808

John Dickinson, American lawyer and politician 5th Governor of Delaware (b. 1732)

1808

Michael Costa, Italian-English conductor and composer (d. 1884)

1804

Karađorđe leads the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire.

1800

Emory Washburn, American historian, lawyer, and politician, 22nd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1877)

1799

Walenty Wańkowicz, Polish painter and illustrator (d. 1842)

1797

French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of Cape St. Vincent: John Jervis, (later 1st Earl of St Vincent) and Horatio Nelson (later 1st Viscount Nelson) lead the British Royal Navy to victory over a Spanish fleet in action near Gibraltar.

1782

Singu Min, Burmese king (b. 1756)

1782

Eleanora Atherton, English philanthropist (d. 1870)[3]

1780

William Blackstone, English jurist and politician (b. 1723)

1779

James Cook, English captain, cartographer, and explorer (b. 1728)

1779

American Revolutionary War: The Battle of Kettle Creek is fought in Georgia.

1778

The United States flag is formally recognized by a foreign naval vessel for the first time, when French Admiral Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte renders a nine gun salute to USS Ranger, commanded by John Paul Jones.

1763

Jean Victor Marie Moreau, French general (d. 1813)

1744

John Hadley, English mathematician, invented the octant (b. 1682)

1737

Charles Talbot, 1st Baron Talbot, English lawyer and politician Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1685)

1714

Maria Luisa of Savoy, queen of Spain (b. 1688)

1701

Enrique Flórez, Spanish historian and author (d. 1773)

1692

Pierre-Claude Nivelle de La Chaussée, French author and playwright (d. 1754)

1679

Georg Friedrich Kauffmann, German organist and composer (d. 1735)

1676

Abraham Bosse, French engraver and illustrator (b. 1602)

1655

the Mapuches launch coordinated attacks against the Spanish in Chile beginning the Mapuche uprising of 1655.

1640

Countess Palatine Anna Magdalena of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler (d. 1693)

1628

Valentine Greatrakes, Irish faith healer (d. 1683)

1625

Countess Palatine Maria Eufrosyne of Zweibrücken, Swedish princess (d. 1687)

1614

John Wilkins, English bishop, academic and natural philosopher (d. 1672)

1602

Francesco Cavalli, Italian composer (d. 1676)

1571

Odet de Coligny, French cardinal (b. 1517)

1556

Thomas Cranmer is declared a heretic.

1549

Il Sodoma, Italian painter (b. 1477)

1545

Lucrezia de' Medici, Duchess of Ferrara (d. 1561)

1530

Spanish conquistadores, led by Nuño de Guzmán, overthrow and execute Tangaxuan II, the last independent monarch of the Tarascan state in present-day central Mexico.

1528

Edzard I, German nobleman (b. 1462)

1513

Domenico Ferrabosco, Italian composer (d. 1573)

1490

Valentin Friedland, German scholar and educationist of the Reformation (d. 1556)

1489

Nicolaus von Tüngen, prince-bishop of Warmia

1483

Babur, Moghul emperor (d. 1530)

1468

Johannes Werner, German priest and mathematician (d. 1522)

1452

Pandolfo Petrucci, tyrant of Siena (d. 1512)

1440

Dietrich of Oldenburg, German nobleman

1408

John FitzAlan, 14th Earl of Arundel (d. 1435)

1405

Timur, Turco-Mongol ruler (b. 1336)

1404

Leon Battista Alberti, Italian painter, poet, and philosopher (d. 1472)

1400

Richard II, king of England (b. 1367)

1400

Richard II of England dies, most probably from starvation, in Pontefract Castle, on the orders of Henry Bolingbroke.

1368

Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1437)

1349

Several hundred Jews are burned to death by mobs while the remaining Jews are forcibly removed from Strasbourg.

1317

Margaret of France, queen of England

1229

Rǫgnvaldr Guðrøðarson, king of the Isles

1164

Sviatoslav Olgovich, Kievan prince

1140

Leo I, Armenian prince

1130

Pope Innocent II is elected.

1076

Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor.

1043

Gisela of Swabia, Holy Roman Empress (b. 990)

1014

Pope Benedict VIII crowns Henry of Bavaria, King of Germany and of Italy, as Holy Roman Emperor.

1010

Fujiwara no Korechika, Japanese nobleman (b. 974)

1009

Bruno of Querfurt, German missionary bishop

945

Lian Chongyu, Chinese general

869

Cyril, Greek missionary bishop (b. 827)

842

Charles the Bald and Louis the German swear the Oaths of Strasbourg in the French and German languages.

748

Abbasid Revolution: The Hashimi rebels under Abu Muslim Khorasani take Merv, capital of the Umayyad province Khorasan, marking the consolidation of the Abbasid revolt.
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