February 15

Historical Events on February 15

2019

Lee Radziwill, American socialite (b. 1933)[17]Holidays and observances

2017

Stuart McLean, Canadian radio broadcaster (b. 1948)[16]

2016

George Gaynes, Finnish-American actor (b. 1917)[15]

2015

Haron Amin, Afghan diplomat, Afghan Ambassador to Japan

2014

Thelma Estrin, American computer scientist and engineer (b. 1924)

2013

Sanan Kachornprasart, Thai general and politician (b. 1935)

2013

A meteor explodes over Russia, injuring 1,500 people as a shock wave blows out windows and rocks buildings. This happens unexpectedly only hours before the expected closest ever approach of the larger and unrelated asteroid 2012 DA14.Births

2012

Cyril Domb, English-Israel physicist and academic (b. 1920)

2012

Three hundred sixty people die in a fire at a Honduran prison in the city of Comayagua.

2010

Jeanne M. Holm, American general (b. 1921)

2010

Two trains collide in the Halle train collision in Halle, Belgium, killing 19 and injuring 171 people.

2008

Johnny Weaver, American wrestler and sportscaster (b. 1935)

2007

Walker Edmiston, American actor (b. 1925)

2005

Pierre Bachelet, French singer-songwriter (b. 1944)

2004

Jens Evensen, Norwegian lawyer, judge, and politician, Norwegian Minister of Trade (b. 1917)

2003

Protests against the Iraq war take place in over 600 cities worldwide. It is estimated that between eight million to 30 million people participate, making this the largest peace demonstration in history.

2002

Howard K. Smith, American journalist and actor (b. 1914)

2001

The first draft of the complete human genome is published in Nature.

2000

Angus MacLean, Canadian commander and politician, 25th Premier of Prince Edward Island (b. 1914)

1999

Henry Way Kendall, American physicist and mountaineer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1926)

1998

Martha Gellhorn, American journalist and author (b. 1908)

1996

McLean Stevenson, American actor (b. 1929)

1996

At the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in China, a Long March 3 rocket, carrying an Intelsat 708, crashes into a rural village after liftoff, killing many people.

1993

Ravi, South Korean rapperDeaths

1992

María Elena Moyano, Peruvian activist (b. 1960)

1992

Serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer is sentenced in Milwaukee to life in prison.

1992

Air Transport International Flight 805 crashes near Toledo Express Airport in Ohio, killing all four people on board.[7]

1991

Ángel Sepúlveda, Mexican footballer

1991

The Visegrád Agreement, establishing cooperation to move toward free-market systems, is signed by the leaders of Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland.

1990

Charles Pic, French race car driver

1989

Soviet–Afghan War: The Soviet Union officially announces that all of its troops have left Afghanistan.

1988

Jarryd Hayne, Australian rugby league player and football player

1988

Richard Feynman, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)

1987

Jarrod Sammut, Australian rugby league player

1986

Valeri Bojinov, Bulgarian footballer

1985

Serkan Kırıntılı, Turkish footballer

1984

Avon Long, American actor and singer (b. 1910)

1983

Don Cowie, Scottish footballer

1982

Shameka Christon, American basketball player

1982

The drilling rig Ocean Ranger sinks during a storm off the coast of Newfoundland, killing 84 workers.

1981

Heurelho Gomes, Brazilian footballer

1981

Mike Bloomfield, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1943)

1980

Conor Oberst, American singer-songwriter

1979

Josh Low, English footballer

1976

Brandon Boyd, American singer-songwriter

1975

Serge Aubin, Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1974

Miranda July, American actress, director, and screenwriter

1974

Kurt Atterberg, Swedish composer and engineer (b. 1887)

1973

Kateřina Neumannová, Czech skier

1973

Wally Cox, American actor (b. 1924)

1972

Jaromír Jágr, Czech ice hockey player

1972

Sound recordings are granted U.S. federal copyright protection for the first time.

1971

Alex Borstein, American actress, voice artist, producer, and screenwriter

1971

The decimalisation of British coinage is completed on Decimal Day.

1970

Shepard Fairey, American artist and activist

1970

Hugh Dowding, 1st Baron Dowding, Scottish air marshal (b. 1882)

1969

Birdman, American rapper and producer

1967

Jane Child, Canadian singer-songwriter and producer

1967

Antonio Moreno, Spanish-American actor and director (b. 1887)

1966

Gerard Antoni Ciołek, Polish architect and historian (b. 1909)

1965

Craig Matthews, South African cricketer

1965

Nat King Cole, American singer and pianist (b. 1919)

1965

A new red-and-white maple leaf design is adopted as the flag of Canada, replacing the old Canadian Red Ensign banner.

1964

Chris Farley, American comedian and actor (d. 1997)

1962

Milo Đukanović, Montenegrin politician, 29th Prime Minister of Montenegro

1961

Laurence Owen, American figure skater (b. 1944)

1961

Sabena Flight 548 crashes in Belgium, killing 73, including the entire United States figure skating team along with several of their coaches and family members.

1960

Darrell Green, American football player

1959

Adam Boulton, English journalist

1959

Owen Willans Richardson, English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1879)

1958

Chrystine Brouillet, Canadian author

1957

Jake E. Lee, American guitarist and songwriter

1956

Vincent de Moro-Giafferi, French lawyer and politician (b. 1878)

1956

Desmond Haynes, Barbadian cricketer and coach

1955

Janice Dickinson, American model, agent, and author

1954

Canada and the United States agree to construct the Distant Early Warning Line, a system of radar stations in the far northern Arctic regions of Canada and Alaska.

1954

Matt Groening, American animator, producer, and screenwriter

1953

Tony Adams, Irish-American screenwriter and producer (d. 2005)

1952

King George VI of the United Kingdom is buried in St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.

1952

Tomislav Nikolić, Serbian politician, 4th President of Serbia

1951

Markku Alén, Finnish race car driver

1949

Gerald Lankester Harding and Roland de Vaux begin excavations at Cave 1 of the Qumran Caves, where they will eventually discover the first seven Dead Sea Scrolls.

1949

Ken Anderson, American football quarterback and coach

1948

Art Spiegelman, Swedish-American cartoonist and critic

1947

John Adams, American composer

1946

ENIAC, the first electronic general-purpose computer, is formally dedicated at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia.

1946

Clare Short, English civil servant and politician, Secretary of State for International Development

1945

World War II: Third day of bombing in Dresden.

1945

Jack Dann, American-Australian author and poet

1944

World War II: The assault on Monte Cassino, Italy begins.

1944

Mick Avory, English drummer

1942

World War II: Fall of Singapore. Following an assault by Japanese forces, the British General Arthur Percival surrenders. About 80,000 Indian, United Kingdom and Australian soldiers become prisoners of war, the largest surrender of British-led military personnel in history.

1941

Florinda Bolkan, Brazilian actress

1940

İsmail Cem İpekçi, Turkish journalist and politician, 45th Turkish Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 2007)

1939

Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin, Russian painter and author (b. 1878)

1937

Gregory Mcdonald, American author (d. 2008)

1935

Basil Hall Chamberlain, English-Swiss historian, author, and academic (b. 1850)

1935

Susan Brownmiller, American journalist and author

1934

Jimmy Bloomfield, English footballer and manager (d. 1983)

1933

Pat Sullivan, Australian animator and producer, co-created Felix the Cat (b. 1887)

1933

In Miami, Giuseppe Zangara attempts to assassinate US President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt, but instead shoots Chicago mayor Anton J. Cermak, who dies of his wounds on March 6, 1933.

1932

Minnie Maddern Fiske, American actress and playwright (b. 1865)

1931

Claire Bloom, English actress

1930

Bruce Dawe, Australian poet and academic

1929

Graham Hill, English race car driver and businessman (d. 1975)

1928

H. H. Asquith, English lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1852)

1928

Norman Bridwell, American author and illustrator, created Clifford the Big Red Dog (d. 2014)

1927

Frank Dunlop, English actor and director

1925

The 1925 serum run to Nome: The second delivery of serum arrives in Nome, Alaska.

1925

Angella D. Ferguson, American pediatrician

1924

Lionel Monckton, English composer (b. 1861)

1924

Robert Drew, American director and producer (d. 2014)

1923

Greece becomes the last European country to adopt the Gregorian calendar.

1923

Yelena Bonner, Jewish Soviet-Russian activist (d. 2011)

1922

John B. Anderson, Swedish-American lawyer and politician (d. 2017)

1921

Kingdom of Romania establishes its legation in Helsinki.

1920

Endicott Peabody, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 62nd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1997)

1919

Ducky Detweiler, American baseball player and manager (d. 2013)

1918

Allan Arbus, Jewish-American actor and photographer (d. 2013)

1916

Mary Jane Croft, American actress (d. 1999)

1914

Hale Boggs, American lawyer and politician (d. 1972)

1913

Erich Eliskases, Austrian chess player (d. 1997)

1912

George Mikes, Jewish Hungarian-English journalist and author (d. 1987)

1911

Theodor Escherich, German-Austrian pediatrician and academic (b. 1859)

1910

Irena Sendler, Polish nurse and humanitarian, Righteous Gentile (d. 2008)

1909

The Flores Theater fire in Acapulco, Mexico kills 250.

1909

Miep Gies, Austrian-Dutch humanitarian, helped hide Anne Frank and her family (d. 2010)

1908

Sarto Fournier, Canadian lawyer and politician, 38th Mayor of Montreal (d. 1980)

1907

Jean Langlais, French organist and composer (d. 1991)

1905

Lew Wallace, American author, general, and politician, 11th Governor of New Mexico Territory (b. 1827)

1905

Harold Arlen, Jewish-American composer (d. 1986)

1904

Antonin Magne, French cyclist and manager (d. 1983)

1901

The association football club Alianza Lima is founded in Lima, Peru, under the name Sport Alianza.

1899

Georges Auric, French composer (d. 1983)

1898

The battleship USS Maine explodes and sinks in Havana harbor in Cuba, killing 274. This event leads the United States to declare war on Spain.

1898

Totò, Italian actor, singer, and screenwriter (d. 1967)

1897

Dimitrie Ghica, Romanian lawyer and politician, 10th Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1816)

1897

Gerrit Kleerekoper, Jewish-Dutch gymnast and coach (d. 1943)

1896

Arthur Shields, Irish republican and actor (d. 1970)

1893

Roman Najuch, Polish professional tennis player (d. 1967)

1892

James Forrestal, American lieutenant and politician, 1st United States Secretary of Defense (d. 1949)

1891

Allmänna Idrottsklubben (AIK) (Swedish Sports Club) is founded.

1890

Robert Ley, German politician (d. 1945)

1885

Gregor von Helmersen, Estonian-Russian geologist and engineer (b. 1803)

1883

Sax Rohmer, English-American author (d. 1959)

1879

Women's rights: US President Rutherford B. Hayes signs a bill allowing female attorneys to argue cases before the Supreme Court of the United States.

1874

Ernest Shackleton, Anglo-Irish captain and explorer (d. 1922)

1873

Hans von Euler-Chelpin, German-Swiss biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1964)

1870

Stevens Institute of Technology is founded in New Jersey, USA and offers the first Bachelor of Engineering degree in Mechanical Engineering.

1869

Ghalib, Indian poet and educator (b. 1796)

1862

American Civil War: Confederates commanded by Brig. Gen. John B. Floyd attack General Ulysses S. Grant's Union forces Fort Donelson, Tennessee. Unable to break the fort's encirclement, Lloyd surrenders the following day.[6]

1861

Martin Burns, American wrestler and coach (d. 1937)

1857

Mikhail Glinka, Russian composer (b. 1804)

1856

Emil Kraepelin, German psychiatrist and academic (d. 1926)

1851

Spiru Haret, Romanian mathematician, astronomer, and politician, 55th Romanian Minister of Internal Affairs (d. 1912)

1850

Sophie Bryant, Irish mathematician, academic and activist (d. 1922)

1849

Pierre François Verhulst, Belgian mathematician and theorist (b. 1804)

1849

Rickman Godlee, English surgeon and academic (d. 1925)

1848

Hermann von Boyen, Prussian general and politician, Prussian Minister of War (b. 1771)

1847

Germinal Pierre Dandelin, Belgian mathematician and engineer (b. 1794)

1847

Robert Fuchs, Austrian composer and educator (d. 1927)

1845

Elihu Root, American lawyer and politician, 38th United States Secretary of State, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1937)

1844

Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1757)

1842

Archibald Menzies, Scottish surgeon and botanist (b. 1754)

1841

Manuel Ferraz de Campos Sales, Brazilian lawyer and politician, 4th President of Brazil (d. 1913)

1840

Titu Maiorescu, Romanian philosopher, academic, and politician, 23rd Prime Minister of Romania (d. 1917)

1839

François-Marie-Thomas Chevalier de Lorimier, Canadian rebel (b. 1803)

1835

Henry Hunt, English farmer and politician (b. 1773)

1835

The first constitutional law in modern Serbia is adopted.

1835

Demetrius Vikelas, Greek businessman and philanthropist (d. 1908)

1834

V. A. Urechia, Moldavian-Romanian historian, author, and playwright (d. 1901)

1825

Carter Harrison, Sr., American lawyer and politician, 29th Mayor of Chicago (d. 1893)

1820

Susan B. Anthony, American suffragist and activist (d. 1906)

1818

Frederick Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen (b. 1746)

1812

Charles Lewis Tiffany, American businessman, founded Tiffany & Co. (d. 1902)

1811

Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, Argentinian journalist and politician, 7th President of Argentina (d. 1888)

1810

Mary S. B. Shindler, American poet, writer, and editor (d. 1883)[13]

1809

André Dumont, Belgian geologist and academic (d. 1857)

1798

The Roman Republic is proclaimed after Louis-Alexandre Berthier, a general of Napoleon, had invaded the city of Rome five days earlier.

1797

Henry E. Steinway, German-American businessman, founded Steinway & Sons (d. 1871)

1781

Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, German philosopher, author, and critic (b. 1729)

1764

The city of St. Louis is established in Spanish Louisiana (now in Missouri, USA).

1760

Jean-François Le Sueur, French composer and educator (d. 1837)

1759

Friedrich August Wolf, German philologist and critic (d. 1824)

1748

Jeremy Bentham, English jurist and philosopher (d. 1832)

1739

Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart, French architect, designed the Paris Bourse (d. 1813)

1738

Matthias Braun, Czech sculptor (b. 1684)

1734

William Stacy, American colonel (d. 1802)

1725

Abraham Clark, American surveyor, lawyer, and politician (d. 1794)

1710

Louis XV of France (d. 1774)

1705

Charles-André van Loo, French painter (d. 1765)

1690

Constantin Cantemir, Prince of Moldavia, and the Holy Roman Empire sign a secret treaty in Sibiu, stipulating that Moldavia would support the actions led by the House of Habsburg against the Ottoman Empire.

1638

Zeb-un-Nissa, Mughal princess and poet (d. 1702)

1637

Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1578)

1637

Ferdinand III becomes Holy Roman Emperor.

1627

Charles Morton, Cornish nonconformist minister (d. 1698)

1621

Michael Praetorius, German organist and composer (b. 1571)

1612

Paul de Chomedey, Sieur de Maisonneuve, French soldier, founded Montreal (d. 1676)

1600

José de Acosta, Spanish Jesuit missionary and naturalist (b. 1540)

1571

Michael Praetorius, German organist and composer (probable; d. 1621)[12]

1564

Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer, physicist, and mathematician (d. 1642)[11]

1557

Alfonso Fontanelli, Italian composer (d. 1622)

1519

Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, first Spanish Governor of Florida (d. 1574)[10]

1508

Giovanni II Bentivoglio, tyrant of Bologna (b. 1443)

1506

Juliana of Stolberg, German countess (d. 1580)[9]

1493

While on board the Niña, Christopher Columbus writes an open letter (widely distributed upon his return to Portugal) describing his discoveries and the unexpected items he came across in the New World.[5]

1471

Piero the Unfortunate, Italian ruler (d. 1503)[8]

1458

Ivan the Young, son of Ivan III of Russia (d. 1490)

1417

Richard de Vere, 11th Earl of Oxford, English commander (b. 1385)

1382

William de Ufford, 2nd Earl of Suffolk (b. c. 1339)

1377

Ladislaus of Naples (d. 1414)

1214

During the Anglo-French War (1213–1214), an English invasion force led by John, King of England, lands at La Rochelle in France.[4]

1152

Conrad III, king of Germany (b. 1093)

1145

Lucius II, pope of the Catholic Church

1113

Pope Paschal II issues Pie Postulatio Voluntatis, recognizing the Order of Hospitallers.[3]

1002

At an assembly at Pavia of Lombard nobles, Arduin of Ivrea is restored to his domains and crowned King of Italy.

956

Su Yugui, Chinese chancellor (b. 895)

706

Leontios, Byzantine emperor

706

Byzantine emperor Justinian II has his predecessors Leontios and Tiberios III publicly executed in the Hippodrome of Constantinople.

670

Oswiu, king of Northumbria (b. c. 612)

590

Khosrau II is crowned king of Persia.
More information about February 15